Archetype Essay: Types of People by C. Jung
Carl Gustav Jung was the most outstanding person among Freud's colleges. Like Freud, Jung devoted himself to the study of the dynamic unconscious drives on human behavior and experience. However, unlike the first, Jung argued that the unconscious content is more than the repressed sexual and aggressive impulses. In this archetype essay we’ll dwell on this more precisely. According to Jung's personality theory, known as analytical psychology, individuals are motivated by intrapsychic images, the origin of which goes deep into the history of evolution. This innate unconscious contains spiritual material having deep roots, which explains the desire for creative self-expression and physical perfection inherent to all mankind. If you want to know more about this scholar, order an essay from our skilled essay writer.
Another source of disagreement between Freud and Jung is the attitude to sexuality as a dominant force in the personality organization. Freud interpreted the libido, mainly as a sexual drive, and Jung considered it a diffuse creative life force that is expressed in various forms such as religion or the pursuit of power. That is, as realized by Jung, libido drive is concentrated in a variety of needs - biological or spiritual - as they arise. Our essay writing team is here to let you know more about Freud.
Jung claimed that the soul (in Jung's approach the term is identical with person) consists of three isolated but cooperating structures: the ego, the personal unconscious and the collective unconscious. Dealing with our online essay service, you will get your essay on psychology perfectly written.
The ego is the centrum of the sphere of consciousness. It’s a component of the psyche, which includes all the conceptions, senses, recollections and impressions, due to which we feel the integrity, consistency and perceive ourselves as people. It’s the ground of our identity, and due to it we can notice the results of our regular mental performance. We can provide you with the best expert online essay help.
The personal unconscious comprises conflicts and recollections that once were realized but now are suppressed or forgotten. It includes those sensory impressions, which lack brightness to be marked in the consciousness. Thus, Jung's notion of the personal unconscious is somehow similar to the concept of Freud. Still, he took a step further, underlining the fact that personal unconscious includes complexes, or the accumulation of emotionally charged conceptions, senses, and recollections made by an individual from their past personal experience or from the birth, hereditary experience. According to Jung's ideas, these complexes assembled around the most common themes, can have a strong influence on the behavior of the person. For example, a person with the authority complex can spend a significant amount of mental energy at activities that are either directly or symbolically connected with the theme of might. You can find cheap essay writing service on this topic here. The same will be true of a person who is under the severe effect of the mother, father or under the reign of money, sex, or any other sort of complexes. Once formed, the complex begins to influence the behavior of a person and their attitude. Jung argued that the material of the personal unconscious is peculiar for everyone of us and, as a rule, can be realized. Subsequently, the components of the complex or even the entire complex can be realized and have too strong impact on the person’s life. Our online cheap essay proofreader is at your service.
Finally, Jung suggested the presence of a deeper layer in the organization of personality, which he named the collective unconscious. The collective unconscious is a repository of latent memory traces of humankind and even our anthropoid ancestors. It reflects the conceptions and senses that are typical for all people and are the outcome of our common emotional history. Thus, the content of the collective unconscious is formed through heredity and is identical for all mankind. It’s necessary to note that the notion of the collective unconscious was the main reason for diversions of Jung and Freud.
Jung made a supposition that the collective unconscious comprises powerful primary mental images, known as archetypes (literally, "the primary models"). Archetypes are the innate ideas or recollections which predispose people to perceive, experience and response to events in a certain way. In fact, these are not recollections or images as such, but more likely, the predisposing factors under the influence of which people realize in their behavior universal models of perception, thought and action in response to an object or event. Inherent here is precisely the tendency to react emotionally, cognitively and behaviorally to specific situations - for example, while an unexpected encounter with parents, a loved one, a stranger, a snake or death. You may hire best college essay rewriter on our website.
Jung claimed that each archetype is associated with a tendency to express senses and conceptions of a certain type in respect of an object or situation. For example, in the perception of the child his/her mother presents aspects of her actual characteristics, colored with nonconscious perceptions of the archetypal maternal attributes as education, fertility and dependence. If you ask to grade my paper, we can help you.
Also, Jung suggested that the archetypal symbols and ideas are often reflected in dreams, and are often found in the culture in the shape of symbolic signs used in painting, literature and religious doctrine. In particular, he emphasized that the characters peculiar to divergent nations frequently show a striking similarity, because they ascend to the archetypes common to all mankind. For example, in many cultures he found the depictions of mandala, which are the symbolic embodiment of the entity and integrity of the "self". The scholar thought that the understanding of archetypal signs helps him review dreams of the patients. Here you can read about another scholar: http://smartwriters.org/blog/charles-darwin-essay-what-you-should-know-about-his-theory
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The amount of archetypes in the collective unconscious can be unlimited. Still, in the theoretical system of Jung special attention is given to persona, anima and animus, the shadow and the self.
Persona is our public face; it is how we manifest ourselves in relations with other people. Persona is the set of roles that we perform in accordance with social demands. In Jung's understanding, the persona serves to impress others or to conceal our true nature from others. Persona as the archetype is necessary for us to get along with others in everyday life. However, Jung warned that if this archetype gains great importance, a person can become superficial, reduced to one role and alienated from the true emotional experience.
In contrast to the role played in our adaptation to the society by the persona, the shadow archetype is a repressed dark, vicious and bestial aspect of the individual. The shadow contains our socially unacceptable sexual and aggressive impulses, immoral conceptions and passions. But it has positive sides as well. Jung described the shadow as a breeding ground of vitality, spontaneity and creativity in an individual's life. After Jung, the function of this is to guide the drive in the right course, curb harmful part of our nature to such an extent that we could live in harmony with others, but at the same time openly express our impulses and enjoy a healthy and creative life.
3. Anima and Animus
In the archetypes of anima and animus Jung’s recognition of the congenial androgynous nature of people is expressed. Anima is an inner image of a woman in a man, his inconscient female part; while the animus is the inner image of a man in a woman, her unconscious man's side. Such archetypes are partially based on the biological fact that the body of men and women produces male as well as female hormones. This archetype as Jung believed has evolved over the centuries in the collective unconscious as an effect of the practice of interaction with the opposite sex. Jung insisted that the anima and animus, like all other archetypes, should be expressed in harmony without disturbing the overall balance, so as not to hamper the personal enhancement in the process of self-fulfillment. In other words, a man should express his female qualities, along with the male, and a woman should show her masculine qualities, in addition to female. If such necessary attributes remain underdeveloped, the result will be a one-sided growth and functioning of the individual. If you wish to know more about racism, follow the link: http://smartwriters.org/blog/racism-in-america-essay-features-and-problems
The self is the most important archetype in Jung's theory. It’s the core of the individual, near which all other aspects are organized.
When integration of all structures of the soul is achieved, an individual feels the unity, harmony and integrity. Thus, in the understanding of Jung, the growth of self is the major purpose of a human existence. The basic symbol of the archetype of the self is mandala and its numerous varieties (abstract circle, nimbus of a saint). He thought that religion is a great force for person’s desire for wholeness and completeness. In the meantime, harmonization of all aspects of the soul is a complicated process. The true balance of individual structure, as he thought, is impossible to attain. Moreover, the archetype of the self will not be realized until the integration and harmony of all parts of the soul, conscious and unconscious, takes place.
So, in our archetype essay we examined three structures of the soul (the ego, personal unconscious, collective unconscious) and four main archetypes of collective unconscious described by Carl Jung. For a human to attain full growth of the character and self-actualization, all components of the soul should exist in a certain balance.
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